- Generally associated with core temperatures >104°F (>40°C), though heat stroke can occur at lower core temperatures.
- Diagnosis rests on the observation of hyperthermia in the presence of profound CNS dysfunction.
- Medications may predispose patients to heat stroke (e.g., diuretics, antihypertensives).
- Early cooling reduces mortality and morbidity, and should be initiated as soon as possible.
- Evaporation and ice water immersion are both widely used as cooling methods.
- Patients are at risk of multisystem organ failure, and careful monitoring is essential even after return to normothermia.
Other related conditions
- Malignant hyperthermia
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome
- Acute renal failure
- Overview of seizure disorder
- Disseminated intravascular coagulation
- Evaluation of delirium
- Overview of meningitis
- Diabetic ketoacidosis
- Toxic multinodular goiter
- Neuroleptic malignant syndrome
- Alcohol withdrawal
Last updated: Jun 04, 2013